The hottest problem in China's manufacturing indus

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The problem of China's manufacturing industry is still manufacturing itself

in recent years, terms surrounding manufacturing such as intelligent manufacturing, green manufacturing, flexible manufacturing, industrial interconnection and even new manufacturing have emerged in endlessly. However, although China's Internet applications are at the forefront of the world and intelligent applications are widely implemented, it is still difficult to say that the level of China's manufacturing industry has improved qualitatively. Under the concept of layers, it is still difficult to get rid of the state that made in China is controlled by others. In a word, the root of the manufacturing problem in China is still the manufacturing industry itself

is interconnection, artificial intelligence and big data important? Of course, it is important, but under the advocacy of these concepts, there is a foam in the newly coined terms. They can never solve the basic problems of the manufacturing industry. In the final analysis, the reliability of machine tools and the quality stability of steel plates should be solved through the manufacturing industry. If our manufacturing industry, like Germany, has sophisticated manufacturing technology, independent research and development of components and core technologies, guaranteed product quality, service, experience and innovation can really add points

for made in China, scholars and entrepreneurs have put forward many new terms, and many national new projects have been launched, such as launching the five-year plan to support robots, support intelligent manufacturing, etc. I think this needs careful consideration. Scholars and industries can put forward new terms and new formats, academics can blossom, and enterprises can constantly explore new models, new technologies, and new formats, but national decisions cannot change too fast, and some basic problems, such as the problem of industrial robots, should be constantly addressed. In my opinion, the scientific field can seize the opportunity to occupy the forefront of technology, but in the economic field, the government documents are expensive once they are issued, which is like a command, and it is easy to cause all regions to rush into mass action. This year, big data will be carried out, and next year, artificial intelligence will be carried out, while the core parts problems, precision machining and other important short board problems that need to be paid close attention to frequently have been diluted

for enterprises, when carrying out intelligent transformation, they should consider the cost and demand, and should not blindly build the most advanced intelligent chemical plants and unmanned factories. When I was investigating, I saw that some enterprises that use low-cost digitalization have also created good economic value. According to their own needs, they consider the payback period of investment, appropriately introduce digital technology, solve some of their own problems, and finally achieved good results

let's focus on intelligent manufacturing. Since 2012, intelligent manufacturing has been implemented for more than six years. From the initial strangeness to the current competition, intelligent manufacturing has become an important starting point for the transformation of today's manufacturing industry. Nowadays, the level of intelligence has been improved to a certain extent, and the intelligent manufacturing industry is hot. However, I believe that the popularity of intelligent manufacturing is not caused by the popularity of Internet enterprises, but mainly due to the reasons such as difficult recruitment, expensive employment and the consistent demand to ensure quality, coupled with the high mobility of employees. In other words, intelligent manufacturing is mainly developed with the needs of enterprises

this also proves that the direction of intelligent manufacturing is right, and it can be promoted in all manufacturing industries. Because manufacturing processes, products, services, etc. all need intelligence, it may not exist in all links of the enterprise at the same time, but local applications are definitely needed

however, there are still many problems in the process of promoting intelligent manufacturing. The core components of promoting intelligent manufacturing, such as chips, sensors, servo motors and industrial software, are mostly imported. 70% of the components of intelligent manufacturing equipment come from abroad, which is very easy to be controlled by people. Most enterprises have not yet laid the three foundations of product quality, lean production and bottom automation digitization, so they rush to develop digital workshops and factories, and will certainly not achieve good results in the end

in this regard, I make some suggestions. First of all, the national macro policies should be changed, and the enthusiasm and enthusiasm of local governments for the development of manufacturing should be strengthened. Otherwise, a new term will rush into mass action, often resulting in redundant construction and low-level development; Secondly, we need to form a market environment conducive to the development of various types of enterprises, but by no means excessive intervention; Third, the country should put manufacturing in the primary position of economic development; Fourth, we should encourage innovation, allow the use of safe and reliable innovation failures, fully stimulate the innovation potential of enterprises and scientific and technological talents by the end of September, and pay attention to the protection of intellectual property rights; Finally, young people are unwilling to engage in manufacturing and hard work. In this case, governments at all levels should guide the training of talents

(the author is the former vice president of the General Academy of Mechanical Sciences and the deputy director of the intelligent manufacturing expert consultation meeting)

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